ACL Reconstruction Gold Coast
ACL INJURIES & TEARS
ACL stands for anterior cruciate ligament and runs diagonally through the middle of the knee. It prevents the tibia from sliding out in front of the femur, providing rotational stability to the knee.
An ACL tear can occur from stopping suddenly, landing incorrectly, changing direction rapidly, or direct contact. A complete tear of the ACL can cause recurrent knee instability, often preventing the resumption of high level sports or rigorous activity. Unfortunately when the ACL is fully torn there is usually very little healing potential which can lead to chronic ACL deficiency and instability.
ACL injuries are one of the most common knee impairments, with 50% of ACL impairments occurring in 15-25 year olds, and women being 2 to 10 times more likely to injure their ACL.
Injuries are considered "sprains" and are graded on a severity scale:
- A grade 1 sprain is when the ligament is mildly damaged — it has been slightly stretched, but is still able to help keep the knee joint stable.
- A grade 2 sprain is when the ligament is stretched to the point where it becomes loose — this is often referred to as a partial tear of the ligament.
- A grade 3 sprain occurs when there is a complete tear of the ligament — the ligament has been split into two pieces, and the knee joint is unstable.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF ACL INJURY
- Swelling within hours of injury
- A feeling of the knee giving way during sport or changing direction
- Persistent stiffness or swelling
- Rapid stop-start or cutting sports such as basketball and soccer
- Contact sports such as rugby
- Women have a slightly higher risk in non contact sports
Based on the Gold Coast, Dr Jason Tsung specialises in surgery to amend ACL injuries. The aim of ACL reconstructive surgery is to give back stability to the knee. Unfortunately a torn ACL does not heal by itself and in most cases cannot be directly repaired. Most ACL tears cannot be stitched back together, therefore the ligament must be reconstructed. This involves a tissue graft that a new ligament can grow on. There are several graft sources for an ACL reconstruction. These include the bone-patellar tendon-bone, hamstring autografts, and achilles tendon or quadriceps tendon.
An ACL tear physiotherapy program may be required, focusing on specific exercises to restore function in your knee and strengthen the muscles that support it. ACL reconstruction is not usually required immediately after injury. It is very important to restore strength and motion to the knee before surgery. Physiotherapy can be a crucial rehabilitation process for your ACL injured knee before embarking on surgery.
Contact Dr J Tsung
|1300 399 223|
|(07) 3041 5087|
Suite 6C Fred McKay House
42 Inland Dr, Tugun Qld 4224