Sports injuries are commonly caused by overuse, direct impact, or the application of force that is greater than the body part can structurally withstand. There are two kinds of sports injuries: acute and chronic. An injury that occurs suddenly such as directly after awkward landing, is known as an acute injury.
Chronic injuries are caused by repeated overuse of muscle groups or joints. Poor technique and structural abnormalities can also contribute to the development of chronic injuries. Medical investigation of any sports injury is important, because you may be hurt more severely than you think. For example, what seems like an knee sprain may actually be a bone fracture.
First aid for sprains, strains and joint injuries:
- Rest: take it easy for a few days to let the injury settle.
- Ice: apply an ice pack to the area for 20 minutes every 2 hours for the first 2 to 3 days to help with the swelling and discomfort.
- Compression: it often helps to apply a firm elastic bandage over the area of injury.
- Elevation: keep the injured limb up so gravity helps push the fluid back to the heart and keeps the swelling under control.
- Referral: as soon as possible, see your local doctor for assessment and treatment.
Contact Dr J Tsung
|1300 399 223|
|(07) 3041 5087|
Suite 6C Fred McKay House
42 Inland Dr, Tugun Qld 4224